Baliguian is an agricultural municipality. It has a total land area of 49,072 hectares, consisting of 17 Barangays, 40% of which are classified as coastal. It is situated at the Southeast sea coast of the province of Zamboanga del Norte. It is bounded on the North by the town of Gutalac, on the South by the towns mother municipality which is Siocon, on the East by the town of Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur, and on the West bounded by the Sulu sea.

                The technical description of the territories of the municipality is described as follows:                Beginning from the intersection of the shoreline and latitude seven degrees and forty five minutes (7o45) and Siocon River, hence, due east until it reaches the provincial boundary between the Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, following the provincial boundary northward until it reaches the existing municipal boundaries between Siocon and Labason, hence, following the said boundary northeast until it reaches the shoreline, hence, following the shorelines southward latitude seven degrees and forty seven minutes (7o47 E) from the point of beginning.




                The Municipality of Baliguian is composed of seventeen (17) Barangays namely: 

Name of Barangay Area Captain
1. Poblacion      3,369.30 has.
2. Milidan    5,249.91 has.
3. Alegria   2,477.82 has.
4. Dicolum  6,166.78 has.
5. Kauswagan 3,325.64 has.
6. San Jose    2,486.34 has.
7. Nonoyan  2,746.34 has.
8. Mamad  2,406.20 has.
9. Malinao  3,769.29 has.
10. Tamao  3,006.34 has.
11.Lumay   1,662.82 has.
12. Tan-awan   1,816.46 has.
13. Linay  1,533.98 has.
14. Guemetan   1,250.90 has.   
15. Mamawan 4,800.42 has.
16. Diangas 1,800.55 has.
 17. Kilalaban 1,140.00 has.


                Forty-four (44%) and seventy-three percent (73%) of the inhabitants of this municipality belongs to the Subano Tribe, forty-six (46%) and forty-two percent (42%) belongs to the Christians Cebuanos and eighty-five percent (85%) belongs to the Muslim tribe.




                The topographic condition of the municipality ranges from the nearly level to sloping, slightly rolling to hilly then to mountainous areas. Most of the level are found along the coastal portion of the locality. An area of approximately 11,127 hectares, representing 35% of the total land area are classified as lands, 6,358 hectares, representing 20% of the total land area classified as slightly rolling and 14,307 hectares representing 45% of the total land area as hilly to mountainous.


AREA   TOTAL (has.)
Forest Land 19,686.56
Swamp Land 11.50
Idle Land  7,494.85
Agricultural 21,816.09
                     Total  49,072.00 has.


Sandy loam represent thirty five (35%) percent of the total area. This kind of soil is suited for pasture land and forest land development but can be cultivated with great care and intensive soil conservation practices. Twenty (20%) percent belong to San Manuel loam. This type of soil is suited for agricultural crops. Forty five (45%) percent the Mt. Soil differentiate.



                Baliguian has registered a population of 12,381 showing an increase of 3,414 compared to the 1990 Census. Based on the NEO records 7.55% and 12.45% resides in the areas and term proper respectively.



     The people of Baliguian, consist of three religious groups: Christian, Muslim and Subanos. It registered a total population of 12,671 during the 1995 census. Based on the annual growth rate of 6%, the municipality has a projected population of 14,216 for the year 1997. The population density has moved up from 25% per square kilometer in 1995 to 31 persons per square kilometer in 1998, and is projected to reach 35 persons per square kilometer in the year 2000. Barangay Poblacion, registered the highest population with 1,542 in 1995, followed by Barangay Nonoyan with 1,129 and the third highest is Barangay Kauswagan with 1,073. While the Barangay with the lowest population is Barangay Guimotan with only 175, followed by Barangay Linay with 362 of the total population. The population of the municipality is predominantly rural, 87.83% or 11.129 resides in rural areas and only 12.17% or 1,542 resides in urban centers.