Baliguian is a small town located at the Southwestern east of the Philippines, province of Zamboanga del Norte.   It  has a total  land  are  of
49,009 hectares,  consisting  of  17  barangays,  40% of which  are classified 
as coastal. It is bounded on the North by the Town  of  Gutalac, and on the 
bounded by the town of Siocon, on the east bounded by  the  town  of  Ipil, Zamboanga del Sur, and the west bounded by the Sulu Sea.



                Baliguian is an agricultural municipality  which is  rich  in  natural resources. Efficient use  of  its  land  would  produce  abundantly  in  copra, palay, corn and other agricultural products. Aside from land production, it is also rich in marine products.



                The earliest inhabitants of the Municipality of Baliguian were Subanos. They were very industrious people. Some built their houses at the foot of the mountain or hill for convenience in farming, where they grow rice, corn, sweet potatoes and other root crops. Other lived near the shore for easy fishing. Aside from their livelihood through farming  and the fishing, they were also engaged in home industries such as basketry and mat weaving. Famous of which was a mat made of rattan which they called ‘Bolidas’.

                At a speck of time, Baliguian was already named ‘Boligyan’ it was just a drowsy village back then. The inhabitants were very much behind in education. There were very much behind in other facilities which would improve and attend to the welfare and living condition of populace. Usually they would go to their boligyan or priest to consult and offer their prayers and give their offerings to our illness of their loved ones.



                To maintain peace and order in their community, their chief which was called  ‘Tinuwayo’ promulgate and execute laws. He had the power to settle all kinds of disputes, punishes criminals and solemnized marriage. Assisting the Tinuwayo in performing these duties were deputies assigned around the tribal community, those deputies were called “Bogslalu".


Buklog of the Subanos

                Despite their ignorance and lack of basic social needs they were peace-loving and happy people. They have their own festival celebrated every seven years, known as “Buklog”. Usually celebrated in honor of their “Diwata”, “Aposanag” or God in the heavens. The women dress in gorgeous attires called “Lugdoy Molotoc”(a fitting dress with long sleeve and a blouse decorated with different colorful beads). The men wear their “Kontiyo” and “Timulusa-an” (pants and shirt almost similar to that of Muslim costumes).  They celebrate this festivity with dances and graceful tempo of the agong and kulintang played by agile musicians. Visitors from neighboring barangays are served with a cast of the tribes native rice wine. The celebration goes in for about a week or more depending on the food preparation of the celebrants. People from the neighboring barangays not only partake in the on the merry-making activities of the tribe but also take the opportunity to do a little business by selling or bartering the goods they brought along with them.



                Thus, because of the amiable characteristics of the villagers, people from the neighboring barangays including Chinese Traders frequently come to this once small village to sell and barter their goods. Eventually it became a sort of trading center. So, whenever people make their way to the village, they were often asked as to where they’d go, their usual answer was, “to Baliguian”.

Slow Change

                As years rolled by, the coming of the Christian faith emerged and transformed the mode of life of the inhabitants. Elementary Schools, Chapels and health centers were constructed, the people were afforded the opportunity to acquire shelter and education. Good health and moral upliftment poured the way to develop from a simple to more advanced way of life.



                Thus, on December 27,1980, by virtue of  Batas Pambansa Bilang 101. Out of the northern barangays of the town of Siocon, in the province of Zamboanga del Norte, Baliguian, was created into a local government corporate entity.


Baliguian’s First Barangays

                (1) Baliguian (2) Dioulan (3) Milan (4) Kauswagan (5) Alegria (6) Nonoyan (7) San Jose were made integral part of the newly created municipality. The seat of municipal government was at Barangay Baliguian after which the municipality was named. Counting from the date of its creation on December 27,1980, although it became official only on September 1,1981, due to the delay of the appointment of titles to the local officials.                

                On June 1, 1984,  the Sangguniang Panlalwigan of the province of Zamboanga del Norte enacted and approved the creation  of  seven barangays: (1) Linay (2) Diangas (3) Guinoman (4) Kilalahan (5)Linay (6) Tan-awan (7) Tanas (8) Mamad (9) Malinao (10) Manawan. The Municipality of Baliguian has been administered by the men of integrity namely: 

Casiano Q, Lim Appointed Mayor  1981 - 1986   
Paster P. Neri Appointed Vice Mayor 1981 - 1986
Appointed Mayor 1986 - 1988
Roger N. Vertudazo Appointed Vice Mayor 1986 - 1988
Feleciano S. Chiong  Elected Mayor 1988 -1995
Teofilo B. Suson  Elected Vice Mayor 1988 -1995
Elected Mayor  1995 - 1998 
Caisano Q. Lim Elected Vice Mayor  1995 -1998 

                Today this local government unit is entering an era of Economic Political and Social Development and change, it is hoped that the near future will bring fulfillment to the aspirations of the people.